Manuscript Review Process:

Initial Screening
Submitted manuscripts are first screened by the editors office for completeness and to determine if the manuscript meets the general criteria for the journal. The editors will decide to: (a) send the manuscript out for blind review, (b) request initial revisions prior to the blind review process, or (c) reject the manuscript.

Peer Review
Each manuscript passing initial screening will be subjected to rigorous and anonymous peer-review by a minimum of 2 peer reviewers. Referees who review a manuscript remain unknown to the authors. The journal’s independent status ensures a submission acceptance rate based on merit and not favour, bias, or personal preference. All the reviewers send the editor a detailed report with their comments on the manuscript and their recommendation. Reviewers have to complete their reviews within 3-4 weeks. For papers which require revision, the editor will make sure that the quality of the revised paper is acceptable.

Licence and Permission
Under the premise of legal publishing, the corresponding author is required to grant an exclusive licence to Horizon Research Publishing on behalf of all authors. If authors may use their own material in other publications, Horizon Research Publishing must be informed in advance. The request for permission must be made in writing prior to reusing the material.
Once the submitted paper is accepted for publication, authors will be invited to fill in an electronic copyright transfer form . If the form hasn’t been received along with the final revised manuscript, the publication of your manuscript may be postponed.
Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published materials written by others have to be used, the copyright-owner’s permission must be obtained prior to submission. The author takes the responsibility for checking whether material submitted is subject to copyright or ownership rights.

Proof Reading
Electronic proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by email . Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Authors receive only one set of proofs for corrections and will be responsible for the expense of making excessive alterations of the original manuscripts during the proofreading. Proofs should be checked and returned within 3 days.